An alphabetical guide to vitamins

With so many vitamins available, it can be difficult to determine which ones you need and which ones you can afford to leave aside.

To help, we have put together this guide that gives an overview of many well-known vitamins, as well as why and when you should make them a key part of your diet. The list is in alphabetical order too, for easy reference.



Found in: Green peppers, sweet potatoes and carrots.

The benefits: Beta-carotene is converted into vitamin A as it moves around the body. This is an important vitamin, helping to keep your vision healthy and your immune system in tip-top condition.



Found in: Yogurt, milk and cheese.

The benefits: Calcium helps to defend the body against the loss of bone density as you age. It is also proven to help build strong teeth from an early age, as well as assist your nervous system.


Coenzyme Q10

Found in: Rich organ meats like liver and kidney are high in Coenzyme Q10. Furthermore, the vitamin is available as a dietary supplement, from specialist chemists such as

The Benefits: Your cells need Coenzyme Q10 as a means of giving the body energy. This energy then enables the body to achieve cell growth and maintenance. On top of this, Coenzyme Q10 acts as an antioxidant in order to keep youhealthy.



Found in: Fortified breakfast cereal, citrus fruit juice, dark green vegetables, bread and pasta.

The benefits: Also referred to as B9, folate is a great vitamin to have when pregnant as it is known to assist fertility and fetal development. Most importantly, folate helps to prevent neural tube defects in babies.



Found in: Seafood, nuts, green leafy vegetables, lean meats and liver (the latter of which is particularly high in iron).

The benefits: Iron will ensure red blood cells are functioning properly around the body, which results in you being at lower risk of anemia and your immune system becoming weaker as a result.



Found in: Fish oil and algae.

The benefits: Omega-3 helps keep the body healthy by lowering the risk of cancer and heart disease. Omega-3 is also found to generally improve the mood of people who consume it regularly.



Found in: Milk, oranges, leafy green vegetables, raisins and bananas.

The benefits: Blood pressure can be lowered with the consumption of potassium, while the vitamin also works to reduce the effects of irregular heart rhythms.


Vitamin D

Found in: While a small amount of Vitamin D can be found in liver, eggs and fatty fish, the main source for your body to access the vitamin is through sun exposure.

The benefits: Research has suggested that Vitamin D can help reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and depression. It also assists the body when consuming calcium, the benefits of which we have already discussed earlier.